Aaron E. Glatt, MD, chair, Department of Medicine, chief of infectious diseases, and hospital epidemiologist, Mount Sinai South Nassau, Oceanside, NY; spokesperson, Infectious Diseases Society of America. 

Luis Ostrosky, MD, chief of infectious diseases and epidemiology, UTHealth Houston and Memorial Hermann; spokesperson, Infectious Diseases Society of America. 

Andrew L. Geers, PhD, professor of psychology, University of Toledo, Ohio.

CDC spokesperson.

James Swann, spokesperson, America’s Health Insurance Plans (AHIP).

Federal Register: Meeting, Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices. Sept. 12, 2023. 

CDC: “Getting a Flu Vaccine and a COVID-19 Vaccine at the Same Time,” “Check-in with Dr. Cohen,” “Risk Assessment Summary for SARS CoV-2 Sublineage BA.2.86,” “COVID Data Tracker: Variants & Genomic Surveillance,” “Vaccine Information Statements,” “FDA Approves First Vaccine for Pregnant Individuals to Prevent RSV in Infants,” “Summary: ‘Prevention and Control of Seasonal Influenza with Vaccines: Recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) –United States, 2023-24,” “Flu Vaccine and People with Egg Allergies.”

JAMA Network Open: “Reactogenicity of Simultaneous COVID-19 mRNA Booster and Influenza Vaccination in the US.” “Flu shots.”

Journal of Psychosomatic Research: “Social communication pathways to COVID-19 vaccine side-effect expectations and experience.”


FDA: “Updated COVID-19 Vaccines for Use in the United States Beginning in Fall 2023.”

Infectious Diseases Society of America: “Q: Will this fall’s updated COVID-19 vaccines be effective against Eg.5?”